Numerical parametric study of a cooling system for an LNG storage tank
CFDTP, National School of Engineers of Sfax (ENIS), 3038, Tunisia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 December 2018
The study of the cooling system of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) storage tank is vital for the safety of the installation. The objective of this paper is to develop cooling baffles capable of reducing the heat gain from the environment leading to a loss of LNG quantity, keeping the Boil-Off Gas (BOG) under control. For this purpose, a specific code based on the finite volume method was developed to improve our knowledge of the hydrodynamic and thermal behaviors of LNG in the cylindrical tank. In addition, the effect of the number, position and dimension of the baffles on the flow structure of LNG were determined. The obtained results indicated that the location of the baffles at the top of the tank nearby the vicinity of the wall would yield a better cooling of the LNG. Moreover, we emphasized that a number of six baffles would give rise to a better heat transfer. For a design purpose, the Nusselt numbers on the lateral surface and on the baffles have been correlated as functions of Rayleigh and baffle numbers.
© M. Haddar et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2019
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