Study on the gas–liquid annular vortex flow for liquid unloading of gas well
College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum, 18 Fuxue Road, Changping, Beijing 102249, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 September 2019
Vortex tool is a new technique for the liquid unloading in gas wells. But it lacks a mathematical model to describe and predict the effect of vortex tools. In the present work, according to the axial, radial and circumferential momentum balance of the gas phase and liquid phase, the governing equations of vortex flow model have been established. Then thickness of liquid film and gas and liquid vortex flow intensity as well as the pressure drop gradient can be calculated. The calculation results and the previous experiments indicate that the pressure drop of the gas–liquid flow can be reduced by 5% ~ 25% with the vortex tool, and the vortex flow model has an average relative difference of 6.01%. The model results show that there are two mechanisms for reducing the pressure drop under the vortex flow condition. In addition, the research results show that vortex tools with bigger helical angle will lead to higher vortex flow intensity. The decay rate of vortex flow intensity decreases along the pipe as liquid velocity increases and the vortex flow working distance can be calculated by the vortex intensity gradient and initial vortex flow intensity.
© S. Shi et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2019
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