Experimental investigation on precipitation damage during water alternating flue gas injection
State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, No. 8 Xindu Avenue, 610500 Chengdu, PR China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 26 May 2020
Water Alternating Gas (WAG) approach can improve the efficiency of gas flooding. However, the precipitation damage that is induced by the gas injection may be inevitable. The precipitation pressure point test of gas injection, and the WAG parallel double-tube long-core flooding experiment under different injection conditions were systematically performed to obtain the optimum injection parameters. The variations of petrophysical properties were caused by precipitation, and its morphology was also determined by centrifugal capillary force and environmental scanning electron microscope. The precipitation pressure rised with the increase of the amount of gas injection, generally 2.0 MPa ~ 3.0 MPa higher than the bubble point pressure (Pb), and it was confirmed by X-ray energy spectrum and scanning electron microscope that the precipitation was mainly asphaltene. The optimum injection parameters for WAG were Gas–Water Ratio (GWR) of 1:1 and slug size of 0.1 HydroCarbon Pore Volume (HCPV), which benefited the recovery of low-permeability and high-permeability pipe by additional recovery of 28.5% and 17.4% respectively, while WAG process enhanced the total oil recovery by 23.4%. The pore volume and median radius of capillary pressure of all cores were both reduced with more obvious effects on conglomerate. Combined with the results of sediment saturation, it also showed the poorer the physical properties of the cores, the severer the influence of the precipitation. Overall, the WAG could greatly improve the recovery but the influence of precipitation must be considered.
© Z. Wang et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2020
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