Review on enhanced oil recovery by nanofluids
School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), 29 Xueyuan Road, Beijing
2 Key Laboratory of Marine Reservoir Evolution and Hydrocarbon Enrichment Mechanism, Ministry of Education, 29 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100083, China
3 Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 18 June 2018
The addition of nanoparticles into water based fluids (nanofluid) with or without other chemicals to Enhance Oil Recovery (EOR) has recently received intensive interest. Many papers have been published in this area and several EOR mechanisms have been proposed. The main EOR mechanisms include wettability alteration, reduction in InterFacial surface Tension (IFT), increase in the viscosity of aqueous solution, decrease in oil viscosity, and log-jamming. Some of these mechanisms may be associated with the change in disjoining pressure because of the addition of the nanoparticles. The experimental data and results reported by different researchers, however, are not all consistent and some even conflict with others. Many papers published in recent years have been reviewed and the associated experimental data have been analyzed in this paper in order to clarify the mechanisms of EOR by nanofluids. Wettability alteration may be one of the most accepted mechanisms for nanofluid EOR while reduction in IFT and other mechanisms have not been fully proven. The main reason for the inconsistency among the experimental data might be lack of control experiments in which the effect of nanoparticles on oil recovery would be singled out.
© K. Li et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2018
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