Investigation of thermal model effects on geothermal and oil reservoir well testing behavior during water and steam injection
Department of Petroleum Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Polytechnic of Tehran), 15875-4413 Tehran, Iran
Accepted: 7 July 2020
Global warming and reducing fossil fuel resources have increased the interest in using renewable resources such as geothermal energy. In this paper, in the first step, heat transfer equations have been presented for reservoir during water (steam) injection by considering heat loss to adjacent formations. According to radius of thermal front, the reservoir is partitioned into two regions with different fluid physical properties. The heat transfer model is coupled with a fluid flow model which is used to calculate the reservoir pressure or fluid flow rates. Then by calculating outer radius of heated region and using radial composite reservoir model, the fluid flow equations in porous media are solved. Using pressure derivative plot in regions with different thermal conductivity coefficients, a type curve plot is presented. The reservoir and adjacent formation thermal conductivity coefficients can be calculated by matching the observed pressure data on the thermal composite type curve. Additionally, the interference test in composite geothermal reservoir is discussed. In the composite reservoir model, parameters such as diffusivity coefficient, conductivity ratio and the distance to the radial discontinuity are considered. New type curves are provided to introduce the effect of diffusivity/conductivity contrast ratios on temperature behavior. Improving interpretations, and performing fast computations and fast sensitivity analysis are the benefits of the presented solutions.
© M. Abbasi et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2020
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