Meshless method simulation and experimental investigation of crack propagation of CBM hydraulic fracturing
School of Mechanical & Electronic Information, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
2 China Geological Equipment Group Co., Ltd., Beijing 100102, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 3 October 2018
For simulating CoalBed Methane (CBM) hydraulic fracturing using 3-D meshless method, this paper analyzed the hydraulic fracturing mechanism and cracking form for coal rock and established the geometric and mathematical models of hydraulic fracturing propagation in coal rock in terms of the Hillerborg model on crack opening displacement theory. With the theoretical basis of hydromechanics, the formulas for calculating hydraulic pressure inside the fracture by numerical simulation were deduced from the analysis on this fluid-structure interaction problem. The geometric and mathematical models established above were described by 3-D meshless Galerkin (EFG, Element-Free Galerkin) method and compiled into the numerical simulation program using VB and FORTRAN programming language to simulate the fracture propagation for an actual coal rock sample with a drilling hole as an example. Then the physical simulation experiment of hydraulic fracturing propagation of coal seam was conducted on the same coal rock sample. Through the direct observation with naked eyes and detection by advanced instruments of ESEM and Micro-CT, the shape and parameters of cracks on the surface of and inside the coal rock sample were achieved, which indicated that experimental results are reasonably consistent with numerical simulation results.
© G. Wen et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2018
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