Production improvement in gas condensate reservoirs by wettability alteration, using superamphiphobic titanium oxide nanofluid
Chemical Engineering College, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran, Iran
2 Institute of Petroleum Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 August 2018
Many gas condensate reservoirs suffer a loss in productivity owing to accumulation of liquid in near-wellbore region. Wettability alteration of reservoir rock from liquid-wetting to gas-wetting appears to be a promising technique for elimination of the condensate blockage. In this paper, we report use of a superamphiphobic nanofluid containing TiO2 nanoparticles and low surface energy materials as polytetrafluoroethylene and trichloro(1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl)silane to change the wettability of the carbonate reservoir rock to ultra gas-wetting. The utilization of nanofluid in the wettability alteration of carbonate rocks to gas-wetting in core scale has not been reported already and is still an ongoing issue. Contact angle measurements was conducted to investigate the wettability of carbonate core plugs in presence of nanofluid. It was found that the novel formulated nanofluid used in this work can remarkably change the wettability of the rock from both strongly water- and oil-wetting to highly gas-wetting condition. The adsorption of nanoparticles on the rock and formation of nano/submicron surface roughness was verified by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Stylus Profilometer (SP) analyses. Using free imbibition test, we showed that the nanofluid can imbibe interestingly into the core sample, resulting in notable ultimate gas-condensate liquid recovery. Moreover, we studied the effect of nanofluid on relative permeability and recovery performance of gas/water and gas/oil systems for a carbonate core. The result of coreflooding tests demonstrates that the relative permeability of both gas and liquid phase increased significantly as well as the liquid phase recovery enhanced greatly after the wettability alteration to gas-wetting.
© P. Esmaeilzadeh et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2018
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