Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Open Access
Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Rev. IFP
Volume 64, Number 1, January-February 2009
Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Page(s) 63 - 77
Published online 26 March 2009
  • Albal R.S.,Shah Y.T.,Carr N.L.,Bell A.T. (1984) Mass transfer coefficients and solubilities for hydrogen and carbon monoxide under Fischer-Tropsch conditions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 39, 5, 905-907. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bach H.F.,Pilhofer T. (1978) Variation of gas hold-up in bubble columns with physical properties of liquids and operating parameters of columns, Ger. Chem. Eng. 1, 270-275. [Google Scholar]
  • Baird M.H.,Rice R.G. (1975) Axial dispersion in large unbaffled columns, Chem. Eng. J. 9, 171-174. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Berg S. (1993) Zur gasgehaltsverteilung und zum verweilzeitverhalten der gasphase in blasensäulen mit längsangeströmten rohrbündeleinbauten (Gas holdup and the residence time of the gas phase in bubble columns with internals), Dissertation, Universität Dortmund. [Google Scholar]
  • Calderbank P.M.,Moo-Young M.B. (1961) Chem. Eng. Sci. 16, 39. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Charpentier J.C. (1981) Mass-transfer rates in gas-liquid absorbers and reactors, Adv. Chem. Eng. 11, 1-133. [Google Scholar]
  • Clark K.N. (1990) The effect of high pressure and temperature on phase distributions in a bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 45, 8, 2301-2307. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Danckwerts P.V. (1951) Ind. Eng. Chem. 43, 1460. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Deckwer W.-D. (1992) Bubble Column Reactors, Wiley & Sons Ltd. Eds., Chichester, England. [Google Scholar]
  • De Swart J.W.A., van Vliet R.E.,Krishna R. (1996) Size, structure and dynamics of “large” bubbles in a two-dimensional slurry bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 51, 4619-4629. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fan L.S. (1989) Gas-liquid-solid fluidization engineering, Stoneham MA: Butterworth. [Google Scholar]
  • Fischer F.,Tropsch H. (1921) Synthesis of methanol from CO and H2 French patent 540, 543. [Google Scholar]
  • Froment G.F., Bischoff K. (1979) Chemical Reactor Analysis And Design, John Wiley & Sons. [Google Scholar]
  • Gandhi B.,Prakash A.,Bergougnou M.A. (1999) Hydrodynamics behavior of slurry bubble column at high solids concentrations, Powder Technol. 103, 80-94. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hills J.H. (1974) Radial non-uniformity of velocity and voidage in a bubble column, Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng. 52, 1-9. [Google Scholar]
  • Idogawa K.,Ikeda K.,Fukuda T.,Morooka S. (1987) Int. Chem. Eng. 37, 93. [Google Scholar]
  • Jiang P., Lin T.-J., Luo X., Fan L.-S. (1995) Flow visualisation of high pressure (21 MPa) bubble column: bubble characteristics, Trans. IChemE 73, A, 269-274. [Google Scholar]
  • Joshi J.B., ParasuVeera U.,Prasad Ch.V.,Phanikumar D.V.,Deshphande N.S.,Thakre S.S.,Thorat B.N. (1998) Gas hold-up structure in bubble column reactors, PINSA Review article 64, A, 4, 441-567. [Google Scholar]
  • Keitel G.,Onken U. (1982) Inhibition of bubble coalescence b solutes in air/water dispersions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 37, 11, 1635-1638. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kelkar B.G.,Shah Y. (1984) Hydrodynamics and axial mixing in a three-phase bubble column, Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 23, 308-313. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kemoun A., ChenOng B.,Gupta P.,Al-Dahhan M.H.,Dudukovic M.P. (2001) Gas holdup in bubble columns at elevated pressure via computed tomography, Int. J. Multiphas. Flow 27, 929-946. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kluytmans J.H.J., van Wachem B.G.M.,Kuster B.F.,Schouten J.C. (2001) Gas holdup in a slurry bubble column: influence of electrolyte and carbon particles, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 5326-5333. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Krishna R.,Wilkinson P.M., Van Dierendonck L.L. (1991) A model for gas holdup in bubble columns incorporating the influence of gas density on flow regime transitions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 46, 10, 2491-2496. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Krishna R.,Ellenberger J. (1996) Gas holdup in bubble column reactors operating in the churn-turbulent regime, AIChE J. 42, 2627-2634. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Krishna R.,Urseanu M.I., Van Baten J.M.,Ellenberger J. (1999) Rise velocity of a swarm of large bubbles in liquids, Chem. Eng. Sci. 54, 171-183. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet] [Google Scholar]
  • Krishna R.,Urseanu M.I., de Swart J.W.A.,Ellenberger J. (2000) Gas holdup in bubble columns : operation with concentrated slurries versus high viscosity liquid, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 78, 442-447. [Google Scholar]
  • Krishna R. (2000) A scale-up strategy for a commercial scale bubble column slurry reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, Oil Gas Sci. Technol. – Rev. IFP 55, 4, 359-393. [Google Scholar]
  • Mills P.L.,Turner J.R.,Ramachadran P.A.,Dudukovic M.P. (1996) The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in slurry bubble column reactors: analysis of reactor performance using the axial dispersion model, Three-Phase Sparged Reactors, Topics in Chem. Eng. 8, 339-386. [Google Scholar]
  • Miyauchi T.,Shyu C.N. (1970) Flow of fluid in gas bubble columns, Kagaku Kogaku 34, 958-964. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nigam D.P., Schumpe A. (1996) Three-phase sparged reactors, Topics in Chem. Eng. 8. [Google Scholar]
  • Reilly I.G.,Scott D.S., De Bruijn T.J.W.,Jain A.,Piskorz J. (1986) A correlation for gas holdup in turbulent coalescing bubble columns, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 64, 705-717. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reith T.,Renken S.,Israel B.A. (1968) Gas holdup and axial mixing in the fluid phase of a bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 23, 619-629. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sarup B.,Wojciechowski B.W. (1989) Studies of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on a Cobalt catalyst II. Kinetics of carbon monoxide conversion to methane and to higher hydrocarbons, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 67, 62-74. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schulz H.,Beck K.,Erich E. (1988) Kinetics of Fischer-Tropsch selectivity, Fuel Process Technol. 18, 293-304. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Shah Y.T.,Kelkar B.G.,Godbole S.P.,Deckwer W.-D. (1982) Design parameters estimations for bubble column reactors, AIChE J. 28, 353-379. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Urseanu M.I. (2000) Scaling up bubble column reactors, PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam. [Google Scholar]
  • Wilkinson P.M., van Dierendonck L.L. (1990) Pressure and gas density effects on bubble break-up and gas holdup in bubble columns, Chem. Eng. Sci. 45, 8, 2309-2315. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.