Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Open Access
Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Rev. IFP
Volume 64, Number 1, January-February 2009
Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Page(s) 63 - 77
Published online 26 March 2009
  • Albal R.S.,Shah Y.T.,Carr N.L.,Bell A.T. (1984) Mass transfer coefficients and solubilities for hydrogen and carbon monoxide under Fischer-Tropsch conditions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 39, 5, 905-907. [CrossRef]
  • Bach H.F.,Pilhofer T. (1978) Variation of gas hold-up in bubble columns with physical properties of liquids and operating parameters of columns, Ger. Chem. Eng. 1, 270-275.
  • Baird M.H.,Rice R.G. (1975) Axial dispersion in large unbaffled columns, Chem. Eng. J. 9, 171-174. [CrossRef]
  • Berg S. (1993) Zur gasgehaltsverteilung und zum verweilzeitverhalten der gasphase in blasensäulen mit längsangeströmten rohrbündeleinbauten (Gas holdup and the residence time of the gas phase in bubble columns with internals), Dissertation, Universität Dortmund.
  • Calderbank P.M.,Moo-Young M.B. (1961) Chem. Eng. Sci. 16, 39. [CrossRef]
  • Charpentier J.C. (1981) Mass-transfer rates in gas-liquid absorbers and reactors, Adv. Chem. Eng. 11, 1-133. [CrossRef]
  • Clark K.N. (1990) The effect of high pressure and temperature on phase distributions in a bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 45, 8, 2301-2307. [CrossRef]
  • Danckwerts P.V. (1951) Ind. Eng. Chem. 43, 1460. [CrossRef]
  • Deckwer W.-D. (1992) Bubble Column Reactors, Wiley & Sons Ltd. Eds., Chichester, England.
  • De Swart J.W.A., van Vliet R.E.,Krishna R. (1996) Size, structure and dynamics of “large” bubbles in a two-dimensional slurry bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 51, 4619-4629. [CrossRef]
  • Fan L.S. (1989) Gas-liquid-solid fluidization engineering, Stoneham MA: Butterworth.
  • Fischer F.,Tropsch H. (1921) Synthesis of methanol from CO and H2 French patent 540, 543.
  • Froment G.F., Bischoff K. (1979) Chemical Reactor Analysis And Design, John Wiley & Sons.
  • Gandhi B.,Prakash A.,Bergougnou M.A. (1999) Hydrodynamics behavior of slurry bubble column at high solids concentrations, Powder Technol. 103, 80-94. [CrossRef]
  • Hills J.H. (1974) Radial non-uniformity of velocity and voidage in a bubble column, Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng. 52, 1-9.
  • Idogawa K.,Ikeda K.,Fukuda T.,Morooka S. (1987) Int. Chem. Eng. 37, 93.
  • Jiang P., Lin T.-J., Luo X., Fan L.-S. (1995) Flow visualisation of high pressure (21 MPa) bubble column: bubble characteristics, Trans. IChemE 73, A, 269-274.
  • Joshi J.B., ParasuVeera U.,Prasad Ch.V.,Phanikumar D.V.,Deshphande N.S.,Thakre S.S.,Thorat B.N. (1998) Gas hold-up structure in bubble column reactors, PINSA Review article 64, A, 4, 441-567.
  • Keitel G.,Onken U. (1982) Inhibition of bubble coalescence b solutes in air/water dispersions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 37, 11, 1635-1638. [CrossRef]
  • Kelkar B.G.,Shah Y. (1984) Hydrodynamics and axial mixing in a three-phase bubble column, Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 23, 308-313. [CrossRef]
  • Kemoun A., ChenOng B.,Gupta P.,Al-Dahhan M.H.,Dudukovic M.P. (2001) Gas holdup in bubble columns at elevated pressure via computed tomography, Int. J. Multiphas. Flow 27, 929-946. [CrossRef]
  • Kluytmans J.H.J., van Wachem B.G.M.,Kuster B.F.,Schouten J.C. (2001) Gas holdup in a slurry bubble column: influence of electrolyte and carbon particles, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 5326-5333. [CrossRef]
  • Krishna R.,Wilkinson P.M., Van Dierendonck L.L. (1991) A model for gas holdup in bubble columns incorporating the influence of gas density on flow regime transitions, Chem. Eng. Sci. 46, 10, 2491-2496. [CrossRef]
  • Krishna R.,Ellenberger J. (1996) Gas holdup in bubble column reactors operating in the churn-turbulent regime, AIChE J. 42, 2627-2634. [CrossRef]
  • Krishna R.,Urseanu M.I., Van Baten J.M.,Ellenberger J. (1999) Rise velocity of a swarm of large bubbles in liquids, Chem. Eng. Sci. 54, 171-183. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet]
  • Krishna R.,Urseanu M.I., de Swart J.W.A.,Ellenberger J. (2000) Gas holdup in bubble columns : operation with concentrated slurries versus high viscosity liquid, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 78, 442-447. [CrossRef]
  • Krishna R. (2000) A scale-up strategy for a commercial scale bubble column slurry reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, Oil Gas Sci. Technol. – Rev. IFP 55, 4, 359-393. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Mills P.L.,Turner J.R.,Ramachadran P.A.,Dudukovic M.P. (1996) The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in slurry bubble column reactors: analysis of reactor performance using the axial dispersion model, Three-Phase Sparged Reactors, Topics in Chem. Eng. 8, 339-386.
  • Miyauchi T.,Shyu C.N. (1970) Flow of fluid in gas bubble columns, Kagaku Kogaku 34, 958-964. [CrossRef]
  • Nigam D.P., Schumpe A. (1996) Three-phase sparged reactors, Topics in Chem. Eng. 8.
  • Reilly I.G.,Scott D.S., De Bruijn T.J.W.,Jain A.,Piskorz J. (1986) A correlation for gas holdup in turbulent coalescing bubble columns, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 64, 705-717. [CrossRef]
  • Reith T.,Renken S.,Israel B.A. (1968) Gas holdup and axial mixing in the fluid phase of a bubble column, Chem. Eng. Sci. 23, 619-629. [CrossRef]
  • Sarup B.,Wojciechowski B.W. (1989) Studies of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on a Cobalt catalyst II. Kinetics of carbon monoxide conversion to methane and to higher hydrocarbons, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 67, 62-74. [CrossRef]
  • Schulz H.,Beck K.,Erich E. (1988) Kinetics of Fischer-Tropsch selectivity, Fuel Process Technol. 18, 293-304. [CrossRef]
  • Shah Y.T.,Kelkar B.G.,Godbole S.P.,Deckwer W.-D. (1982) Design parameters estimations for bubble column reactors, AIChE J. 28, 353-379. [CrossRef]
  • Urseanu M.I. (2000) Scaling up bubble column reactors, PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam.
  • Wilkinson P.M., van Dierendonck L.L. (1990) Pressure and gas density effects on bubble break-up and gas holdup in bubble columns, Chem. Eng. Sci. 45, 8, 2309-2315. [CrossRef]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.