Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Open Access
Issue
Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Rev. IFP
Volume 64, Number 1, January-February 2009
Dossier: The Fischer-Tropsch Process
Page(s) 11 - 24
DOI https://doi.org/10.2516/ogst:2008040
Published online 08 November 2008
  • Khodakov A.Y.,Chu W.,Fongarland P. (2007) Advances in the development of novel cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts for synthesis of long-chain hydrocarbons and clean fuels, Chem. Rev. 107, 1692-1744. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Espinoza R.L.,Steynberg A.P.,Jager B.,Vosloo A.C. (1999) Low temperature Fischer–Tropsch synthesis from a Sasol perspective, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 186, 1-2, 13-26. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jager B. (1998) Developments in Fischer-Tropsch technology, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 119, 25-34. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Oukaci R.,Sigleton A.H.,Goodwin J.G. Jr. (1999) Comparison of patented Co F-T catalysts using fixed-bed and slurry bubble column reactors, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 186, 129-144. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Iglesia E.,Reyes S.C.,Madon R.J.,Soled S.L. (1993) Selectivity Control and Catalyst Design in the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Sites, Pellets, and Reactors, Adv. Catal. 39, 221-302. [Google Scholar]
  • Iglesia E.,Soled S.L.,Baumgartner J.E.,Reyes S.C. (1995) Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of Eggshell Cobalt Catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, J. Catal. 153, 108-122. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bezemer G.L.,Bitter J.H.,Kuipers H.P.C.E.,Oosterbeek H.,Holewijn J.E.,Xu X.,Kapteijn F., van Dillen A.J., de Jong K.P. (2006) Cobalt particle size effects in the Fischer-Tropsch reaction studied with carbon nanofiber supported catalysts, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 3956-3964. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Barradas S., Caricato E.A., van Berge P.J., van de Loosdrecht J. (2002) Support modification of cobalt based slurry phase Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 143, 55-65. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Project update: Oryx gas-to-liquids (GTL) Joint Venture, 22 May 2007, www.sasol.com/sasol_internet/frontend/navigation. jsp?articleTypeID=2&articleId=17800001&navid=4&rootid=4. [Google Scholar]
  • Wei D.,Goodwin Jr. J.G.,Oukaci R.,Singleton A.H. (2001) Attrition resistance of cobalt F-T catalysts for slurry bubble column reactor use, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 210, 137-150. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Singleton A.H., Oukaci R., Goodwin J.G. (1999) Processes and catalysts for conducting Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a slurry bubble column reactor, US Patent 5,939,350 assigned to Energy International Corporation. [Google Scholar]
  • Storsæter S.,Borg Ø.,Blekkan E.A.,Holmen A. (2005) Study of the effect of water on Fischer–Tropsch synthesis over supported cobalt catalysts, J. Catal. 231, 405-419. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Das T.K.,Jacobs G.,Patterson P.M.,Conner W.A.,Li J.,Davis B.H. (2003) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Characterization and catalytic properties of rhenium promoted cobalt alumina catalysts, Fuel 82, 805-815. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Das T.K.,Zhang Y.,Li J.,Racoillet G.,Davis B.H. (2002) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Support, loading, and promoter effects on the reducibility of cobalt catalysts, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 233, 263-281. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schanke D.,Vada S.,Blekkan E.A.,Hilmen A.M.,Hoff A.,Holmen A. (1995) Study of Pt-Promoted Cobalt CO Hydrogenation Catalysts, J. Catal. 156, 85-95 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • ;Vada S.,Hoff A.,Adnanes E.,Schanke D.,Holmen A. (1995) Top. Catal. 2, 155-162. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kogelbauer A.,Goodwin J.G. Jr.,Oukaci R. (1996) Ruthenium promotion of Co/Al2O3 Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 160, 125-133. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chu W.,Chernavskii P.A.,Gengembre L.,Pankina G.A.,Fongarland P.,Khodakov A.Y. (2007) Cobalt species in promoted cobalt alumina-supported Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 252, 215-230. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tsubaki N.,Sun S.,Fujimoto K. (2001) Different functions of the noble metals added to cobalt catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, J. Catal. 199, 236-246. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Batley G.E.,Ekstrom A.,Johnson D.A. (1974) Studies of topochemical heterogeneous catalysis: 3. Catalysis of the reduction of metal oxides by hydrogen, J. Catal. 34, 368-375. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Takeuchi K.,Matsuzaki T.,Arakawa H.,Hanaoka T.,Sugi Y. (1989) Synthesis of C2-oxygenates from syngas over cobalt catalysts promoted by ruthenium and alkaline earths, Appl. Catal. 48, 149-157. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Takeuchi K.,Matsuzaki T.,Arakawa H.,Sugi Y. (1985) Synthesis of ethanol from syngas over Co-Re-Sr/SiO2 catalysts, Appl. Catal. 18, 325-334. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reinikainen M.,Niemelä M.K.,Kakuta N.,Suhonen S. (1998) Characterisation and activity evaluation of silica supported cobalt and ruthenium catalysts, Appl. Catal A-Gen. 174, 61-75. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Okabe K.,Li X.,Wei M.,Arakawa H. (2004) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over Co-SiO2 catalysts prepared by the sol-gel method, Catal. Today 89, 431-438. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Xu D.,Li W.,Duan H.,Ge Q.,Xu H. (2005) Reaction performance and characterization of Co/Al2O3 Fischer-Tropsch catalysts promoted with Pt, Pd and Ru, Catal. Lett. 102, 229-235. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mauldin C.H.,Varnado D.E. (2001) Rhenium as a promoter of titania-supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 136, 417-422. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez A.,López C.,Márquez F.,Díaz I. (2003) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons over mesoporous Co/SBA-15 catalysts: The influence of metal loading, cobalt precursor, and promoters, J. Catal. 220, 486-499. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Bazin D.,Kovacs I.,Borko L.,Schay Z.,Lynch J.,Parent P.,Lafon C.,Stefler G.,Koppany Z.,Sajo I. (2002) Structure of Pt-Co/Al2O3 and Pt-Co/NaY bimetallic catalysts: Characterization by in situ EXAFS, TPR, XPS and by activity in Co (carbon monoxide) hydrogenation, Top. Catal. 20, 129-139. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Das T.K.,Patterson P.M.,Li J.,Sanchez L.,Davis B.H. (2003) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis XAFS - XAFS studies of the effect of water on a Pt-promoted Co/Al2O3 catalyst, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 247, 335-343. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Qiu X.,Tsubaki N.,Sun S.,Fujimoto K. (2002) Influence of noble metals on the performance of Co/SiO2 catalyst for 1-hexene hydroformylation, Fuel 81, 1625-1630. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Zsoldos Z.,Hoffer T.,Guczi L. (1991) Structure and catalytic activity of alumina-supported Pt-Co bimetallic catalysts. 1. Characterization by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 798-801. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • van'tBlik H.F.J.,Prins R. (1986) Characterization of supported cobalt and cobalt-rhodium catalysts: III. Temperature-Programmed Reduction (TPR), Oxidation (TPO), and EXAFS of Co-Rh/SiO2, J. Catal. 97, 210-218. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Castner D.G.,Watson P.R.,Chan I.Y. (1990) X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and analytical electron microscopy studies of cobalt catalysts. 2. Hydrogen reduction properties, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 819-828. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ernst B.,Bensaddik A.,Hilaire L.,Chaumette P.,Kiennemann A. (1998) Study on a cobalt silica catalyst during reduction and Fischer-Tropsch reaction: In situ EXAFS compared to XPS and XRD, Catal. Today 39, 329-341. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bechara R.,Balloy D.,Dauphin J.-Y.,Grimblot J. (1999) Influence of the characteristics of ã-aluminas on the dispersion and the reducibility of supported cobalt catalysts, Chem. Mater. 11, 1703-1711. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Khodakov A.Y,Lynch J.,Bazin D.,Rebours B.,Zanier N.,Moisson B.,Chaumette P. (1997) Reducibility of cobalt species in silica-supported Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 168, 16-25. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hilmen A.M.,Schanke D.,Holmen A. (1996) TPR study of the mechanism of rhenium promotion of alumina-supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Catal. Lett. 38, 143-147. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hilmen A.M., Schanke D., Hanssen K.F., Holmen A. (1999). Study of the effect of water on alumina supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 186, 169-188. [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Chaney J.A.,Patterson P.M.,Das T.K.,Davis B.H. (2004) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Study of the promotion of Re on the reduction property of Co/Al2O3 catalysts by in situ EXAFS/XANES of Co K and Re LIII edges and XPS, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 264, 203-212. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Shannon M.D.,Lok C.M.,Casci J.L. (2007) Imaging promoter atoms in Fischer-Tropsch cobalt catalysts by aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, J. Catal. 249, 41-51. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Ji Y.,Davis B.H.,Cronauer D.,Kropf A.J.,Marshall C.L. (2007) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Temperature programmed EXAFS/XANES investigation of the influence of support type, cobalt loading, and noble metal promoter addition to the reduction behavior of cobalt oxide particles, Appl. Catal. AGen. 333, 177-191. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bertole C.J.,Mims C.A.,Kiss G. (2004) Support and rhenium effects on the intrinsic site activity and methane selectivity of cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 221, 191-203. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bertole C.J.,Mims C.A.,Kiss G.,Joshi P. (2001) Site reactivity of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalysts studied by 12CO Formula Formula CO isotope transients, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 136, 369-374. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Vada S.,Hoff A.,Ådnanes E.,Schanke D.,Holmen A. (1995) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on supported cobalt catalysts promoted by platinum and rhenium, Top. Catal. 2, 155-162. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Chaney J.A.,Patterson P.M.,Das T.K.,Maillot J.C.,Davis B.H. (2004) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Study of the promotion of Pt on the reduction property of Co/Al2O3 catalysts by in situ EXAFS of Co K and Pt LIII edges and XPS, J. Synchrotron Radiat. 11, 414-422. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Girardon J.-S.,Quinet E.,Griboval-Constant A.,Chernavskii P.A.,Gengembre L.,Khodakov A.Y. (2007) Cobalt dispersion, reducibility, and surface sites in promoted silica-supported Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 248, 143-157. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chernavskii P.A.,Khodakov A.Y.,Pankina G.V.,Girardon J.-S.,Quinet E. (2006) In situ characterization of the genesis of cobalt metal particles in silica-supported Fischer-Tropsch catalysts using Foner magnetic method, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 306, 108-119. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Iglesia E.,Soled S.L.,Fiato R.A.,Via G.H. (1993) Bimetallic synergy in cobalt ruthenium Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalysts, J. Catal. 143, 345-368. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carlsson A.F.,Naschitzki M.,Bäumer M.,Freund H.-J. (2003) The structure and reactivity of Al2O3-supported cobalt-palladium particles: A CO-TPD, STM, and XPS study, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 778-785. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bardi U.,Beard B.C.,Roos P.N. (1990) CO chemisorption on the [111] and [100] oriented single crystal surfaces of the alloy CoPt3, J. Catal. 124, 22-29. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bazin D.,Guczi L. (2004) A review of in situ XAS study on Cobased bimetallic catalysts relevant to CO hydrogenation, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 147, 343-348. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Bazin D. (1999) Structure and selectivity of metal catalysts: Revisiting bimetallic zeolite systems, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 188, 163-174. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Rønning M.,Nicholson D.G.,Holmen A. (2001) In situ EXAFS study of the bimetallic interaction in a rhenium-promoted alumina-supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalyst, Catal. Lett. 72, 141-146. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L. (2005) Bimetallic nano-particles: Featuring structure and reactivity, Catal. Today 101, 53-64. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Noronha F.B., Schmal M., Moraweck B., Delichère P., Brun M., Villain F., Fréty R (2000) Characterization of niobia-supported palladium - Cobalt catalysts, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5478-5485. [Google Scholar]
  • Dees M.J.,Ponec V. (1989) The influence of sulfur and carbonaceous deposits on the selectivity and activity of Pt/Co catalysts in hydrocarbon reactions, J. Catal. 119, 376-387. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sun S.,Fujimoto K.,Yoneyama Y.,Tsubaki N. (2002) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using Co/SiO2 catalysts prepared from mixed precursors and addition effect of noble metals, Fuel 81, 1583-1591. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Storsæter S.,Tøtdal B.,Walmsley J.C.,Tanem B.S.,Holmen A. (2005) Characterization of alumina-, silica-, and titania-supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, J. Catal. 236, 139-152. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Li P.,Liu J.,Nag N.,Crozier P.A. (2006) In situ synthesis and characterization of Ru promoted Co/Al2O3 Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 307, 212-221. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nowitzki T.,Carlsson A.F.,Martyanov O.,Naschitzki M.,Zielasek V.,Risse T.,Schmal M.,Freund H.-J.,Bäumer M. (2007) Oxidation of alumina-supported Co and Co-Pd model catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch reaction, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 8566-8572. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hong J., Chernavskii P.A., Khodakov A.Y., Chu W. (2008) Effect of promotion with ruthenium on the structure and catalytic performance of meso-porous silica (smaller and larger pore) supported cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Catal. Today, in press. [Google Scholar]
  • Chaung T.J.,Brundle C.R.,Rice D.W. (1976) Interpretation of the X-ray photoemission spectra of cobalt oxides and cobalt oxide surfaces, Surf. Sci. 59, 413-429. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ho S.W.,Horialla M.,Hercules D.M. (1990) Effect of particle size on CO hydrogenation activity of silica supported cobalt catalysts, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 6396-6399. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bonnelle J.P., Grimblot. J., D'huysser A. (1975) Influence de la polarisation des liaisons sur les spectres esca des oxydes de cobalt, J. Electron Spectrosc. 7, 151-162. [Google Scholar]
  • Castner D.G.,Watson P.R.,Chan I.Y. (1989) X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and analytical electron microscopy studies of cobalt catalysts. 1. Characterization of calcined catalysts, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 3188-3194. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jongsomjit B.,Panpranot J.,Goodwin Jr. J.G. (2001) Co-support compound formation in alumina-supported cobalt catalysts, J. Catal. 204, 98-109. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Girardon J.-S.,Constant-Griboval A.,Gengembre L.,Chernavskii P.A.,Khodakov A.Y. (2005) Optimization of the pretreatment procedure in the design of cobalt silica supported Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, Catal. Today 106, 161-165. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Stefler G.,Koppány Z.,Borkó L. (2001) CO hydrogenation over Re-Co bimetallic catalysts supported over SiO2, Al2O3 and NaY zeolite, React. Kinet. Catal. L. 74, 259-269. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Stefler G.,Borkó L.,Koppány Zs.,Mizukami F.,Toba M.,Niwa S. (2003) Re-Co bimetallic catalysts prepared by sol/gel technique: Characterization and catalytic properties, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 246, 79-86. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Das T.K.,Jacobs G.,Davis B.H. (2005) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Deactivation of promoted and unpromoted cobalt-alumina catalysts, Catal. Lett. 101, 187-190. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jacobs G.,Patterson P.M.,Zhang Y.,Das T.,Li J.,Davis B.H. (2002) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Deactivation of noble metalpromoted Co/Al2O3 catalysts, Appl. Catal. A-Gen. 233, 215-226. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Borkó L.,Schay Z.,Bazin D.,Mizukami F. (2001) CO hydrogenation and methane activation over Pd-Co/SiO2 catalysts prepared by sol/gel method, Catal. Today 65, 51-57. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guczi L.,Schay Z.,Stefler G.,Mizukami F. (1999) Bimetallic catalysis: CO hydrogenation over palladium-cobalt catalysts prepared by sol/gel method, J. Mol. Catal. A-Chem. 141, 177-185. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Matjie R.H.,Scurrell M.S.,Bunt J. (2005) The selective dissolution of alumina, cobalt and platinum from a calcined spent catalyst using different lixiviants, Miner. Eng. 18, 801-810. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Brumby A.,Verhelst M.,Cheret D. (2005) Recycling GTL catalysts - A new challenge, Catal. Today 106, 166-169.s [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kapusta J.P.T. (2006) Cobalt production and markets: A brief overview, JOM 58, 33-36. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.