Open Access

Table 2

Energy consumption during the refinery process in the EU.

Unit Diesel Gasoline
Energy used in production MJ/MJ 0.21 0.18
Density kg/m3 846.00 737.00
Calorific value MJ/kg 45.60 46.40
Calorific value MJ/L 38.58 34.20
Energy used in production of diesel and gasoline (in kWh equivalent)
Energy used kWh/L 2.25 1.71
Energy used kWh/gallon 8.52 6.47
Electricity used in production (in kWh equivalent)
Energy used kWh/L 0.233 0.17
Energy used kWh/gallon 0.853 0.65
Energy used in production considering 35% efficiency (in kWh equivalent)
Energy used kWh/L 0.79 0.60
Energy used kWh/gallon 2.98 2.27

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