Biodiesel and green diesel generation: an overview
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indira Institute of Engineering and Technology, 631203 Tiruvallur, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhanalakshmi College of Engineering, 601301 Chennai, India
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kingston Engineering College, 632059 Vellore, India
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prathyusha Engineering College, 602025 Chennai, India
5 Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
6 Automotive Engineering Centre, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 3 November 2020
First, second, third, and fourth-generation biofuels are continuously evolving as a promising substitute to petrodiesel catalyzed by energy depletion, economic and environmental considerations. Bio-diesel can be synthesized from various biomass sources, which are commonly divided into FAME and renewable biodiesel. FAME biodiesel is generally produced by the transesterification of vegetable oils and fats while renewable diesel is produced by hydro-deoxygenation of vegetable and waste oils and fats. The different generation, processing technologies and standards for FAME and renewable biodiesel are reviewed. Finally, the life cycle analysis and production cost of conventional and renewable biodiesel are described.
© P. Vignesh et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2021
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