Well modelling methods in thermal reservoir simulation
Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, T2N 1N4, AB, Canada
2 Hartree Centre, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Daresbury Laboratory, WA4 4AD Warrington, UK
3 School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences, 100083 Beijing, PR China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 13 July 2020
Reservoir simulation is of interdisciplinary research, including petroleum engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences. It studies multi-phase (water, oil and gas) flow in porous media and well modelling. The latter describes well behavior using physical and mathematical methods. In real world applications, there are many types of wells, such as injection wells, production wells and heaters, and their various operations, such as pressure control, rate control and energy control. This paper presents commonly used well types, well operations, and their mathematical models, such as bottom hole pressure, water rate, oil rate, liquid rate, subcool, and steam control. These are the most widely applied models in thermal reservoir simulations, and some of them can even be applied to the black oil and compositional models. The purpose of this paper is to review these well modelling methods and their mathematical models, which explain how the well operations are defined and computed. We believe a detailed introduction is important to other reseachers and simulator developers. They have been implemented in our in-house parallel thermal simulator. Numerical experiments have been carried out to validate the model implementations and demonstrate the scalability of the parallel thermal simulator.
© H. Liu et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.