Open Access
Issue
Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Rev. IFP
Volume 55, Number 3, May-June 2000
Page(s) 281 - 305
DOI https://doi.org/10.2516/ogst:2000020
Published online 01 October 2006
  • Acrivos, A. (1974) Proc. Intern. Colloquium on Drops and Bubbles, Collins, D.J., Plesset, M.S. et Saffren, M.H. (袮), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Californie, 390 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Ambruster, H. (1990) Untersuchungen zum kontinuierlichen Emulgierprozess, in Kolloidmühlen unter Berücksichtigen spezifischer Emulgatoreigenschaften und der Strömungsverhältnisse in Dispergierspalt. Thèse, université de Karlsruhe. [Google Scholar]
  • Barthès-Biesel, D. et Acrivos, A. (1973) Deformation and Burst of a Liquid Droplet Suspended in a Linear Shear Field. J. Fluid Mech., 61, 1 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Basedow, A.M. et Ebert, K.H. (1977) Ultrasonic Degradation of Polymers in Solution. Adv. Polymer Sci., 22, 83 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Becher, P. (1965) Chap. 7, in Emulsions: Theory and Practice, 2e éd., Reinhold, New York. [Google Scholar]
  • Caroll, B.J. et Lucassen, J. (1976) Chap. 1, in Theory and Practice of Emulsion Technology, Smith, A.L. (éd.), Academic, Londres. [Google Scholar]
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1961) Chap. 10, 11 et 12, in Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability, Clarendon, Oxford. [MathSciNet] [Google Scholar]
  • Collins, S.E. et Bowen, W.R. (1997) Membrane Emulsification, in Proc. Deuxième Congrès mondial de l’émulsion, Bordeaux, 23-26 septembre, 1, 1-2/215 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Cox, R.G. (1969) The Deformation of a Drop in a General Time- Dependent Fluid Flow. J. Fluid Mech., 37, 601 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Davies, J.T. (1972) Chap. 8, 9 et 10, in Turbulence Phenomena, Academic Press, New York et Londres. [Google Scholar]
  • Davies, J.T. (1985) Drop Sizes of Emulsions Related to Turbulent Energy Dissipation Rates. Chem. Eng. Sci., 40, 839 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Davies, G.A, Nilsen, F.P. et Gramme, P.E. (1996) The Formation of Stable Dispersions of Crude Oil and Produced Water: The Influence of Oil Type, Wax et Asphaltene Content, in Proc. of SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 6-9 octobre, 163-171. [Google Scholar]
  • Desnoyer, C., Masbernat, O. et Gourdon, C. (1998) Experimental Study of Drop Size Distribution at High Phase Fraction in Liquid- Liquid Dispersion, in Proc. of Third International Conference on Multiphase Flow, Lyon, 8-12 juin. [Google Scholar]
  • Flanigan, D.A.,Stolhand, J.E.,Shimoda, E. et Skilbeck, F. (1992) Use of Low-Shear Pumps and Hydrocyclones for Improved Performance in the Cleanup of Low-Pressure Water. SPE Production Engineering, 7, 3, 295 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gidley, J.L. et Hanson, H.R. (1974) Central Terminal Upset from Well Treatment is Prevented. Oil et Gas J., 72, 6, 53 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Gopal, E.S.R. (1968) Chap. 1, in Emulsion Science, Sherman, P. (éd.), Academic, New York et Londres. [Google Scholar]
  • Gouda, J.H. et Joos, P. (1975) Application of Longitudinal Wave Theory to Describe Interfacial Instability. Chem. Eng. Sci., 30, 521 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Grace, H.P. (1982) Dispersion Phenomena in High Viscosity Immiscible Fluid Systems and Application of Static Mixers as Dispersion Devices in such Systems. Chem. Eng. Commun., 14, 225 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hinze, J.O. (1955) Fundamentals of the Hydrodynamic Mechanism of Splitting in Dispersion Processes. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. J., 1, 289 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Janssen, J.J.M.,Boon, A. et Agterof, W.G.M. (1994) Influence of Dynamic Interfacial Properties on Droplet Breakup in Simple Shear Flow. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. J., 40, 1929 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Karabelas, A.J. (1978) Droplet Size Spectra Generated in Turbulent Pipe Flow of Dilute Liquid/Liquid Dispersions. AIChE Journal, 24, 2, 170 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Karbstein, H. et Schubert, H. (1995) Developments in the Continuous Mechanical Production of Oil-in-Water Macro- Emulsions. Chem. Eng. and Proc., 34, 205 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kiefer, P. (1977) Thèse, université de Karlsruhe. Kumar, R. et Saradhy, Y.P. (1972) Ind. Eng. Chem. Fund., 11, 307 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Kumar, S.,Kumar, R. et Ghandi, K.S. (1991) Alternative Mechanisms of Drop Breakage in Stirred Vessels. Chem. Eng. Sci., 46, 10, 2483 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kurzhals, H.A. (1977) Thèse, université de Hanovre. [Google Scholar]
  • Lagisetty, J.S.,Das, P.K.,Kumar, R. et Ghandi, K.S. (1986) Breakage of Viscous and Non-Newtonian Drops in Stirred Dispersions. Chem. Eng. Sci., 41, 1, 65 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Levich, V.G. (1962) Chap. 5 et 8, in Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs. [Google Scholar]
  • Lucassen-Reynders, E.H. and Lucassen, J. (1969) Properties of Capillary Waves. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 2, 347 sq. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lucassen-Reynders, E.H. et Kuijpers, K.A. (1992) The Role of Interfacial Properties in Emulsification. Colloids and Surfaces, 65, 175 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lucassen, J. (1979) Physical Chemistry of Surfactant Action, Lucassen-Reynders, E.H. (éd.). Surfactant Sci. Series, 10, Marcel Dekker, New York. [Google Scholar]
  • Manning, F.S. et Thompson, R.E. (1995) Chap. 4, in Water-in- Crude Oil Emulsions. Oilfield Processing, Vol. Two: Crude Oil, 39 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Mason, T.G. et Bibette, J. (1996) Emulsification in Viscoelastic Media. Physical Review Letters, 77, 3481 sq. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mason, T.G. et Bibette, J. (1997) Shear Rupturing of Droplets in Complex Fluids, Langmuir, 13, 4600 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Mikami, T.,Cox, R.G. et Mason, S.G. (1975) Breakup of Extending Liquid Threads. Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 2, 113 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Percy, J.S. et Sleicher, C.A. (1983) Drop Breakup in the Flow of Immiscible Liquids Through an Orifice in a Pipe. AIChE Journal, 29, 1, 161 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Richardson, E.G. (1953) Chap. 2, in Flow Properties of Disperse Systems, Hermans, J.J. (袮), North-Holland, Amsterdam. [Google Scholar]
  • Ronningsen, H.P. et Urdahl, O. (1995) A North Sea Crude Oil and its Water-in-Crude Oil Emulsions. Comparison between Small Scale Laboratory Experiments and More Realistic Conditions, in Proc. of 7th BHR Group LTD et al. Multiphase Prod. Int. Conf., Cannes, 7-9 juin. BHR Group Conf. Ser. Publication, 14, 33 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Rumscheidt, F.D. et Mason, S.G. (1962) J. Colloid Sci., 17, 260 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Schramm, L.L. (1992) Petroleum Emulsions: Basic Principles, in Emulsions: Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry, Schramm, L.L. (éd.). ACS Advances in Chemistry Series, 231, 1 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schubert, H. et Ambruster, H. (1989) Prinzipien der Herstellung und Stabilität von Emulsionen. Chem.-Ing.-Tech., 61, 701 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schubert, H. et Stang, M. (1997) New Developments in the Production of Food Emulsions, in Proc. Deuxième Congrès mondial de l’émulsion, Bordeaux, 23-26 septembre, 4, 327 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Shea, G.B. (1939) Practices and Methods of Preventing and Treating Crude-Oil Emulsions. Bulletin 417, US Bureau of Mines, Washington, DC. [Google Scholar]
  • Sleicher, C.A. (1962) Maximum Stable Drop Size in Turbulent Flow. AIChE Journal, 8, 4, 471 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Spielman, L.A. (1978) The Scientific Basis of Flocculation, Ives, K.J. (éd.), Sijthoff et Noordhoff, Alphen a. d. Rijn, 63 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Stang, M.,Karbstein, H. et Schubert, H. (1994) Adsorption Kinetics of Emulsifiers at Oil-Water Interfaces and their Effect on Mechanical Emulsification. Chem. Eng. Proc., 33, 307 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Stang, M., Maze, H. et Schubert, H. (1997) Influence of Continuous Phase Viscosity on Droplet Size in Continuous Emulsification, in Proc. Deuxième Congrès mondial de l’émulsion, Bordeaux, 23-26 septembre, 1, 1-2/289 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Stone, H.A. (1994) Dynamics of Drop Deformation and Breakup in Viscous Fluids. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 26, 65 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Svetgoff, J.A. (1989) Demulsification Key to Production Efficiency. Petroleum Engineer International, 61, 8, 28 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Taisne, L.,Walstra, P. et Cabane, B. (1996) Transfer of Oil between Emulsion Droplets. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 184, 378 sq. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Taisne, L., Walstra, P. et Cabane, B. (1997) Recoalescence during Emulsification, in roc. Deuxième Congrès mondial de l’émulsion, Bordeaux, 23-26 septembre, 1, 1-2/014 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Taisne, L. (1997) Échanges d’huile entre gouttes d’émulsion. Thèse, université Paris 6. [Google Scholar]
  • Taylor, G.I. (1934) Proc. Royal Soc., A146, 501 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Van der Zande, M.J. et van den Broek, W.M.G.T. (1998) Breakup of Oil Droplets in the Production System, in Proc. of ASME Energy Sources Technology Conference and Exhibition, Houston, 2-4 février. ETCE98-4744. [Google Scholar]
  • Walstra, P. (1974) Influence of Rheological Properties of Both Phases on Droplet Size of O/W Emulsions Obtained by Homogeneization and Similar Processes. Dechema Monogr., 77, 87 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Walstra, P. (1983) Formation of Emulsions, in Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology, vol. 1, Becher, P. (éd.), Marcel Dekker, New York. [Google Scholar]
  • Walstra, P. (1993) Principles of Emulsion Formation. Chem. Eng. Sci., 48, 333 sq. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Walstra, P. (1997) Formation of Emulsions, in Proc. Deuxième Congrès mondial de l’émulsion, Bordeaux, 23-26 septembre, 4, 67 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Yaws, C.L.,Yang, H.C.,Hopper, J.R. et Hansen, K.R. (1990) Hydrocarbons: Water Solubility Data. Chemical Engineering, 97, 4, 177 sq. [Google Scholar]
  • Zana, E. et Leal, L.G. (1974) Proc. Intern. Colloquium on Drops and Bubbles, Collins, D.J., Plesset, M.S. et Saffren, M.M. (éd.), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Californie, 428 sq. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.