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Table 2

Methods and equipment used for physicochemical characterization.

Property Method Equipment
Density ASTM D5002 Density meter Anton-Paar® DMA 5000 M
API gravity ASTM D4052 Density meter Anton-Paar® DMA 5000 M
Pour Point ASTM D5853
Total Water Content ASTM D4006 Karl Fischer equipment
Viscosity ASTM D7483 VISCOlab PVT® SPL440 Cambridge Viscosity®
SARA Analysis ASTM D2007 HPLC Waters®
TGA and DTG ASTM E1131 Mettler-Toledo® TGA-DSC 3+

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