Dynamics of sedimentary basins and underlying lithosphere at plate boundaries: The Eastern Mediterranean
Open Access

Table 1

Summary of the facies associations’ description and proposed depositional environments for the Upper Cretaceous to Upper Miocene rock interval of southern Cyprus.

Facies associations Facies description Depositional environment
Restricted shallow marine Fa 1 A Early dolomitized bioclastic grainstone with current ripples and mega-ripples alternated by bioturbated wackestone with some bioclasts and mud cracks. Tidal Flat
B Alternation of bioclastic grainstone rich in miliolids and some lepydocyclina with bioturbated bioclastic wackestone to packstone. Sand shoal
Barrier reef Fa 2 A Boundstone/bafflestone with red algae debris, corals in place, Lepidocyclina and bioclasts. Reef /Back-reef
B Breccia (boundstone with red algae debris, coral debris, large benthic foraminifera (Lepidocyclina, bryozoans) occasional incisions. Reef front
Open shelf deposits Fa 3 A Wackstones to packstones with an abundance of benthic foraminifera, and bioclasts. Erosional contact between the packstone and the wackestone beds. Open shelf
Slope deposits Fa 4 A Intercalation of grainstone packstone beds (highly bioturbated) with marls. Slope Deposits/ turbidites
B Large contorted fragments of laminated marls and carbonates 3, 5 m thick. MTCs
C Bioclastic grainstones which are fining upwards and intercalated with a marly laminated unit including benthic foraminifera. Toe of the upper slope (contourites)
Basin Fa 5 A Mudstone to wackestone with bioclasts, pelagic, traces of zoophycos. Basinal setting

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