Transient response of near-wellbore supercharging during filter cake growth
State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500 Sichuan, PR China
2 State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430071 Hubei, PR China
3 School of Mechatronic Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500 Sichuan, PR China
Accepted: 6 May 2021
Supercharging in the vicinity of a borehole is an important factor that affects formation damage and drilling safety, and the filter cake growth process has a significant impact on supercharging in the vicinity of the borehole. However, existing models that predict pore pressure distribution overlook dynamic filter cake growth. Thus, an analytical supercharging model was developed that considers time-dependent filter cake effects, and this model was verified using a two-dimensional numerical model. The influences of filter cake, formation, and filtrate properties on supercharging were investigated systematically. The results indicate that time-dependent filter cake effects have significant influence on supercharging. Supercharging increases in the early stage but decreases over time because of the dynamic growth of filter cake, and the supercharging magnitude decreases along the radial direction. Because of filter cake growth, the magnitude of supercharging falls quickly across the filter cake, and the decreased magnitude of pore pressure caused by the filter cake increases. Supercharging in low-permeability formations is more obvious and the faster rate of filter cake growth, a lower filtrate viscosity and faster reduction rate of filter cake permeability can help to weaken supercharging. The order of importance of influencing factors on supercharging is overbalance pressure > formation permeability > formation porosity ≈ filtrate viscosity > filter cake permeability attenuation coefficient > initial filter cake permeability control ratio > filter cake growth coefficient > filter cake porosity. To alleviate supercharging in the vicinity of the borehole, adopting drilling fluids that allow a filter cake to form quickly, optimizing drilling fluid with a lower filtrate viscosity, keeping a smaller overbalance pressure, and precise operation at the rig site are suggested for low-permeability formations during drilling.
© T. Ma et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2021
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