Water saturation modeling using modified J-function constrained by rock typing method in bioclastic limestone
PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, Beijing 100083, PR China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 20 July 2020
Combining both geological and petrophysical properties, a reliable rock typing scheme can be achieved. Two steps are included in rock typing. Step 1: rocks are classified into lithofacies based on core observations and thin sections; Step 2: lithofacies are further subdivided into rock types according to petrophysical properties such as MICP (Mercury Injection Capillary Pressure) and K-Phi relationships. By correlating rock types to electrofacies (clusters of log data), we can group the target formation into 12 rock types. Then it is possible to predict the distributions of rock types laterally and vertically using wireline logs. To avoid the defect of the classical J-function saturation model that includes permeability which is quite uncertain especially in carbonate rocks, a modified J-function was created and used in the paper. In this function, water saturation is simply expressed as a function of height above free water level for a specific rock type. Different water saturation models are established for different rock types. Finally, the water saturation model has been successfully constructed and verified to be appropriate.
© Y. Deng et al., published by IFP Energies nouvelles, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.