Open Access

Table 1

Composition, properties of the cold flow improvers and producer’s recommendations for their use.

Characteristics Cold flow improver
Composition Ethylene copolymers, vinyl ether, acrylates, ethylene glycol complex Ligroin, vinyl acetate, naphthalene, ethylbenzene Hydrocarbons C10–C13, paraffins, aromatic hydrocarbons, cycloalkanes, naphthalene, combination of various high-molecular weight ashless chemical compounds
Producer’s recommendations Using 1 mL of the additive per 1 L of fuel lowers the pour point for summer fuel to −22 °C, for winter fuel to −47 °C Using 150 mL of the additive to 65 L of fuel lowers CFPP to −36 °C, pour point to −40 °C Using 150 mL of the additive to 50 L of fuel lowers the pour point to −31 °C
Density at 20 °C, g/sm3 0.843 0.803 0.807
Viscosity at 20 °C, mm2/s 5.470 3.254 4.010
Molecular weight, g/mol 162.803 158.772 165.412

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