Open Access

Table 3

Optical single cylinder engine main characteristics.

Cylinder displacement [cm3] 399.5
Valves [–] 4
Stroke [mm] 85.8
Bore [mm] 77.0
Compression ratio [–] 14:1
Tumble level [–] 1.5
Intake valve lift duration [CAD] 190
EVC/IVO at 1 mm lift [CAD aTDC] −10/10
E10 injection mode [–] Port injection

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